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The Digital in Architecture II HS21
Das Digitale in der Architektur I FS21
Das Digitale in der Architektur II HS20
MAS DFAB: Rapid Clay Formations (Brunnen)
Das Digitale in der Architektur I FS20
Seminarweek_FS20
MAS DFAB: Rapid Clay Formations (Rio)
Das Digitale in der Architektur II HS19
Robotic Landscapes III
MAS DFAB: Up Sticks
Seminarwoche HS19
Das Digitale in der Architektur FS19
Seminarwoche FS19
Das Digitale in der Architektur II HS18
Robotic Landscapes II
Rapid Clay Formations
Zero-Waste Geometry
Seminarwoche HS18
ROB|ARCH 2018 Workshop
MAS DFAB: Gradual Assemblies
Das Digitale in der Architektur FS18
Robotic Landscapes I
Malleable Voxels
MAS DFAB: minijammed
Seminarwoche
MAS DFAB: Brick Labyrinth
MAS DFAB: Robotic Pavilion
Force-adaptive Wire Cutting
Spatial Extrusions 2
Spatial Extrusions
Graded Structures 2
Graded Structures
Robotic Wire Cutting Summerschool
Spatial Wire Cutting
Extruded Structures
Remote Material Deposition Installation
Remote Material Deposition
Depth Modulations 2
Design of Robotic Fabricated High Rises 2
Depth Modulations
Complex Timber Structures 2
Complex Timber Structures 1
Robotic Metal Aggregations
Shifted Frames 2
Design of Robotic Fabricated High Rises 1
Shifted Frames 1
Spatial Aggregations 2
Spatial Aggregations 1
Robotic Clay Molding
Die fragile Struktur 2
Die fragile Struktur 1
Prozedurale Landschaften 2
Prozedurale Landschaften 1
Seminar Week
Die Verzahnung 2
Die Verzahnung 1
Das sequentielle Tragwerk 2
Das sequentielle Tragwerk 1
Explicit Bricks
Die programmierte Säule 2
Die programmierte Säule 1
Freilicht Theater
Voxels 2
Voxels 1
Die Wandöffnung 2
Die Wandöffnung 1
Die sequenzielle Wand 2
Die sequenzielle Wand 1
Akustik
Der Schaum
Die fraktale Wand
Bauzaun
Die aufgelöste Wand
Seminar Week
Die perforierte Wand 2
Die perforierte Wand 1
Die programmierte Wand
Das schiefe Loch



Rapid Clay Formations (Rio), Project for the UIA 2020 Pavilion, Rio de Janeiro, 2019-2020
Rapid Clay Formations originated during the second trimester of the MAS ETH DFAB that took place in Spring 2020. The project was supposed to be shown at the World Congress of Architects UIA 2020 in Rio de Janeiro in form of an undulating clay wall of approximately 21x2 meters. Due to the Covid-19 outbreak, the UIA 2020 did not take place as planned and a newly conceived demonstrator was eventually presented as a 1:1 prototype in Brunnen, Switzerland.

For the UIA 2020 clay wall at Casa Firjan in Rio de Janeiro, the team focused especially on the use of resourceful and energy-efficient materials as well as innovative construction methods that would allow a completely reversible fabrication system, in which the material could be reused and reassembled in another place later in time. First, the complexity of the process was encoded in a relatively light and transportable robotic arm and platform, the In- situ Fabricator, since the soft state of the clay during fabrication would not allow for elements to be prefabricated and to be added later on. Second, a material mix was developed and optimized with the main goal of reducing the amount of shrinkage and chemical cracks, while still keeping enough plasticity to ensure proper bonds between the elements, thus allowing us to reach new considerable heights.

Finally, the main challenge was represented by the structural design: while earthen structures usually depend on large cross-sections and heavy material masses, we aimed to minimize the amount of material to reduce the construction time, ensure a fast drying time, as well as to improve material ecology.

Credits:
Gramazio Kohler Research, ETH Zürich

Auftraggeber: Insight Architecture, for the UIA 2020, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
Mitarbeiter: David Jenny (Projektleitung), Coralie Ming, Nicolas Feihl, Selen Ercan Jenny, Hannes Mayer
Students: Maria Pia Assaf, Jomana Baddad, Frederic Brisson, Yu-Hung Chiu, Rémy Clemente, Ioulios Georgiou, Mahiro Goto, Anton T Johansson, Laszlo Mangliar, Dinorah Martinez Schulte, Edurne Morales Zuniga, Fatemeh Salehi Amiri, Emmanuelle Sallin, Indra Santosa, Eliott Sounigo, Chanon Techathuvanun, Ping-Hsun Tsai
Support: Mike Lyrenmann and Philippe Fleischmann (Robotic Fabrication Laboratory, ETH Zurich), Andi Reusser (Institute for Building Materials, ETH Zurich), Lydia Zehnder (Institute for Geochemistry and Petrology, ETH Zurich)
Studenten:
Ausgewählte Unternehmer: Oxara, Insight Architecture
Industrie Partner: Brauchli Ziegelei AG

Copyright 2016, Gramazio Kohler Research, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Gramazio Kohler Research
Professur für Architektur und Digitale Fabrikation
ETH Zürich HIB E 43
Stefano-Franscini Platz 1 / CH-8093 Zürich

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