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Remote Material Deposition Installation
Remote Material Deposition
Depth Modulations 2
Design of Robotic Fabricated High Rises 2
Depth Modulations
Complex Timber Structures 2
Complex Timber Structures 1
Robotic Metal Aggregations
Shifted Frames 2
Design of Robotic Fabricated High Rises 1
Shifted Frames 1
Spatial Aggregations 2
Spatial Aggregations 1
Robotic Clay Molding
The Fragile Structure 2
The Fragile Structure 1
Procedural Landscapes 2
Procedural Landscapes 1
Curved Folding
The Interlocking 2
The Interlocking 1
The Sequential Structure 2
The Sequential Structure 1
Explicit Bricks
The Programmed Column 2
The Programmed Column 1
Open Air Theater
Voxels 2
Voxels 1
The Stacked Pavilion
The Opening 2
The Opening 1
The Sequential Wall 2
The Sequential Wall 1
Acoustics
The Foam
The Resolution Wall
Construction Hoarding
The Dissolved Wall
Domoterra Lounge
The Perforated Wall 2
The Perforated Wall 1
The Programmed Wall
The Oblique Hole


Prototype of a digitally fabricated brick wall.
Prototype of a digitally fabricated brick wall.

Prototype of a digitally fabricated brick wall.

The Programmed Wall, ETH Zurich, 2006
Elective Course
If the basic manufacturing conditions of architecture shift from manual work to digital fabrication, what design potential is there for one of the oldest and most widespread architectural elements -- the brick? Students investigated this question in a four-week workshop, designing brick walls to be fabricated by an industrial robot. Unlike a mason, the robot has the ability to position each individual brick in a different way without optical reference or measurement, i.e. without extra effort. To exploit this potential, the students developed algorithmic design tools that informed the bricks of their spatial disposition according to procedural logics. Positioning this way it was possible to draft a brick wall in which each of over 400 bricks took up a specific position and rotation in space. The students defined not the geometry of the wall, but the constructive logic according to which the material was organised in a particular temporal order, and which thus produced an architectonic form.
Credits:
Gramazio Kohler Research, ETH Zurich

Collaborators: Tobias Bonwetsch (project lead), Daniel Kobel, Michael Lyrenmann
Students: Matthias Buehler, Michael Knauss, Kocan Leonard, Gonçalo Manteigas, Silvan Oesterle, Dominik Sigg
Industry partner: Keller AG Ziegeleien

Copyright 2014, Gramazio Kohler Research, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Gramazio Kohler Research
Chair of Architecture and Digital Fabrication
ETH Zurich / Building HIL / Floor F / Room 56
Stefano-Franscini Platz 5 / CH-8093 Zurich
info@gramaziokohler.arch.ethz.ch

+41 44 633 49 06
+41 44 633 11 71